GLOSSARY TERMS & DEFINITIONS 

Accreditation

The process through which the qualifications regulators confirm that a qualification conforms to the requirements of the Official regulatory arrangements. 

Accreditation of Prior Experience and Learning

The recognition of previously gained experience, which can be checked and verified, and set against the demands of a new course with a view to arranging exemption from some of its content.  
Accreditation of Prior Learning

The recognition of previously gained knowledge and skills, usually in the form of qualifications or credits, which may be used to gain remission for some of the content of a new course.
Approved Internal Verifier Status

Is the mechanism whereby awarding body approves named individuals to authorise the award of credit for specific courses / sectors at a Recognised Centre.
Assessment

The process of making judgments about the extent to which a learner's work meets the assessment criteria for a unit or part of a unit. Formative assessment provides ongoing feedback to learners that can help them improve their performance / achievement during the remainder of a course. Summative assessment takes place at the end of a defined period of learning.
Assessment Criteria

Statements that enable a judgment to be made about whether a learner has achieved the specified learning outcomes at a particular level.
Assessment Specification

Descriptions of the requirements a learner is expected to meet to demonstrate that a learning outcome has been achieved.
Assessor

The person who assesses a learner's work Authenticity
Statement

A statement confirming that the work has been produced by the learner who is putting it forward for assessment. Where work has been produced as part of a collaborative effort an authenticity statement also confirms the learner's role in the work.
Award

A qualification with a credit value between 1 and 12    
Award of Credit  

A certificate (electronic or paper-based) issued to an individual that recognizes their achievement. 

Awarding Organisation

A body recognized by the qualifications regulators against the requirements set out in these regulatory arrangements to award credits and qualifications.
Benchmark Assessment

A set of tasks that should be used to assess the unit. Individual tasks can be designed by the Centre, but these must use the benchmark assessments as a guide, and they must cover all of the assessment criteria.
Center or Centre

An organization or consortium accountable to an awarding body for the assessment arrangements leading to a qualification or units. It may operate across more than one organisation or site.
Center or Centre Recognition

A process through which a centre wishing to offer accreditation is confirmed as being able to maintain the required quality and consistency of assessment and comply with other expectations of the Awarding Organisation.
Certificate for a unit or qualification

A record of attainment of credit or a qualification issued by an awarding organisation
Certificate

A qualification with a credit value between 13 and 36
Certification

The procedure by which an awarding body recognises the award of credit to learners and issues certificates.
Course

A coherently organised learning opportunity through which learners may achieve credit awards.
Credit

Is a measure of the volume of achievement that a unit represents and is a means of recognising, measuring, valuing and comparing achievement. A credit is awarded to learners for the achievement of whole units. One credit has the notional value of 10 hours of learning.
Credit Accumulation

The process of accumulating credit towards an identified target.
Credit Level

Reflects the complexity and / or the independence of learning. Each unit is unique and can exist a only one level. Entry Level provides a basis for progression to other learning programmes within the framework.
Credit transfer

The process of using credit awarded in the context of one qualification or course towards the achievement requirements of another.
Credit Value

The measurement of notional time that a learner will take, on average, to achieve the learning outcomes of the unit. Credit value is calculated in terms of total learning time and can be made up of both contact and self study time.
Criterion Reference Assessment

The setting of an assessment where achievement is measured against approved assessment criteria
Diploma

A qualification with a credit value of 37 or above.
Direct Claims Status

This provides a Recognised Centre the ability to make a direct claim for certification from an awarding body. It is only conferred on Recognised Centres which have Approved Internal Verifier Status and have robust internal quality assurance systems.
e assessment

The end to end electronic assessment processes where ICT is used for the presentation of assessment activity and the recording of responses. This includes the end to end assessment process from the perspective of learners, tutors, learning establishments, awarding organisations, regulators and the general public.
Equivalence

The matching of levels of awards with each other, in order that realistic comparisons can be made nationally about levels of study.
European Qualifications Framework for Life Long Learning (EQF) 

The EQF is a European wide framework of eight reference levels of learning, to which the National Qualification Frameworks of member states should be referred. It is intended that it will act as a means to compare the qualifications levels of different countries and different education and training systems.
Evidence

Proof that a learner has achieved or is working towards the achievement of assessment criteria. Satisfactory evidence for all assessment criteria enables the internal verifier to confirm the award of credit.
Expiry date of a unit

The date a unit will cease to be part of the unit databank and after which the unit will become archived and learners can no longer be registered.
External Assessment

A form of independent assessment where the assessment tasks are set externally to the centre, and a learner's work is assessed by the awarding body.
External Verifier

A person appointed by an awarding body to review a particular area of provision, sector or subject delivered by a Centre, as part of the awarding body external quality assurance systems.
Grade

A point on a scale of performance used to differentiate achievement within a qualification
Guided Learning Hours

The number of hours of tutor supervised or directed study time required to deliver a unit or qualification
Internal Assessment

Assessment where the assessment tasks are set and the learner's work is assessed, within the learner's centre, subject to external verification.
Internal Verifier

An individual appointed by the Centre to ensure the standard of quality assurance within a Centre and particularly to ensure
accurate and consistent standards of assessment, between assessors operating within the centre.
Learner

A student, trainee, or any other participant on a course Learner achievement record An authoritative record of all credit and qualification achievements made by an individual learner
Learning Outcome

A statement which clearly identifies what the learner will know, understand, or be able to do on completion of the learning process.
Learning Support

The facilities offered by an organisation which provide the support necessary for a learner to achieve the outcomes of a
programme.
Level

An indication of the relative demand, complexity and / or depth of achievement, and / or the autonomy of the learner in demonstrating that achievement.
Level descriptor

The description or definition of a level.
Mandatory Units

Units that must be achieved in order to meet the requirements of a Qualification, which are specified in the rules of combination for a qualification.
Mapping

The relationship between one piece of learning and another that highlights equivalence between them and / or opportunities to demonstrate additional skills.
Qualification

An award made to a learner for the achievement of the specified combination of credits, or credits and exemptions, required for that award.
Qualification Specification

A detailed statement defining the purpose, content, structure and assessment arrangements for a Qualification
Quality Assurance

A commitment by a provider regarding the quality of all aspects of their provision including, preparation, delivery, assessment, documentation and certification.
Reasonable Adjustments

Reasonable steps which are approved in advance of assessment to ensure that candidates with either a permanent long-term disability or learning difficulty, or a temporary disability, illness or indisposition is not put at a disadvantage in comparison to a person without such a disability or difficulty.
Recognition of prior learning

A method of assessment that considers whether a learner can demonstrate that they meet the assessment criteria of a unit through knowledge, understanding or skills they already posses and do not need to develop through a course of learning.
Regulatory Bodies (for qualifications)

Government designated statutory organisations required to establish national standards for qualifications and secure compliance with them.
Reliability of assessment

The extent to which assessment results are an accurate measurement of a learner's achievements against the requirements of a unit - reliable assessment repeatedly produces the same outcome without inherent bias or variability in the assessment instrument.
Rules of combination

A description of the credit accumulation requirements for the achievement of a named qualification.
Sector

Sectors have been developed to categorise qualifications for use across relevant education agencies and bodies
Special Consideration

Procedures implemented at the time of an assessment to allow attainment to be demonstrated by learners who have suffered from temporary illness, injury or indisposition at the time of assessment.
Standardisation of assessment

A process to ensure that the assessment criteria for a Qualification, unit or part of a unit are applied consistently by assessors and verifiers. Standardisation can be carried out within Centres as well as across Centres.
Target group

Those learners whose needs a course is primarily intended to meet.
Tutor

Trainer, lecturer, or facilitator of a course.
Unique learner number

The unique number that is used to identify an individual learner
Unit

A unit is the smallest part of learning that can be accredited in it's own right. A unit has an explicit and coherent set of outcomes which describe what a learner will be able to do along with appropriate assessment criteria, credit value, level and title and unique unit identification code. Units may be designed as part of a qualification or be independent. Units do not have to be taught or delivered as discrete entities.
Validity of assessment

The fitness of purpose of an assessment tool or scheme - valid assessment gives an accurate measurement of what it is supposed to measure.